Mental Suffering (Total 283095 Papers Found)

  • ,
  • Nursing standard (Royal College of Nursing (Great Britain) : 1987)
  • 2010
The loneliness and isolation of abused children and the anguish of their parents are portrayed in four clear, no-nonsense accounts revealing the insidious power of the abuser and the powerlessness of the victims and the families. ...
Synthetic aperture radar (SAR) is one of the most widely used remote sensing modalities, providing images for a variety of applications including those in defense, environmental science, and weather forecasting. However, conventionally formed SAR imagery from undersampled observed data, arising in several emerging applications and sensing scenarios, suffers from artifacts that might limit effective use of such imagery in remote sensing applications. Recently, sparsity-driven SAR imaging has emer ...
Recent suicides in French companies have raised awareness about the levels of suffering that sometimes prevail in the world of work. This also affects managers. In recent years working conditions have visibly worsened amongst this group, which has desensitised people to it and led to mental suffering. Setting up and training people to use less distressing management tools is often advocated as a way of minimising such suffering. However, the objective of this piece is to suggest alternative trai ...
This study presents a detailed investigation of a young man in his early twenties who has suffered from a severe spelling impairment since childhood, and currently has a spelling age of only 9 years and 2 months. In contrast with the developmental phonological dyslexics reported by Campbell and Butterworth (1985) and Funnell and Davison (1989), his performance on tests of phonological awareness is good. In addition, he can read and spell non-words competently and, unlike normal 9-year-old childr ...
Parents of retarded children are at risk for experiencing a number of intense situational and emotional stresses arising from that situation. The American Medical Association's handbook on mental retardation takes note of twelve "crises" that may be experienced by the family of a retarded child.1 The first of these ,may occur when the suspicion arises that retardation may be present. Another crisis may take place when the diagnosis is actually made. A number of workers have described various rea ...
  • Etienne Fradet,
  • Soins. Gynecologie, obstetrique, puericulture, pediatrie
  • 1994
A women's health service in Marseilles instituted a weekly, voluntary meeting to consider aspects of the abortion request and the experience of health workers dealing with abortion. Each week one word is selected and discussed by the group. The members discuss their understanding of the chosen term and related situations experienced in the service, but mention of personal or familial history is not permitted. A family or marriage counselor and a nurse, midwife, or secretary share direction of ...
Chronic exposed to high arsenic via drinking water is worldwide public health problem. A large number of epidemiological studies showed that exposed to arsenic cause the human body skin lesions and also induce cancer, cardiovascular and other kind of diseases. So arsenism not only affect the person’s work capability and life quality but also result in economic losses and mental suffering. How to prevent and control the effects of high arsenic? What intervention is more important and necessary ...
The use of quantum bits (qubits) in cryptography holds the promise of secure cryptographic quantum key distribution schemes. It is based usually on single-photon polarization states. Unfortunately, the implemented “qubits” in the usual weak pulse experiments are not true two-level systems, and quantum key distribution based on these imperfect qubits is totally insecure in the presence of high (realistic) loss rate. In this work, we investigate another potential implementation: qubits generat ...
In this paper, a new type of a 90nm CMOS LDO regulator with high load regulation using a gain goost-up technique. The development of low drop-out (LDO) regulator architectures in the power management family is necessary to reduce the standby power of portable applications such as cellular phones and PDAs. In essence, this LDO regulator suffers from an inherent load regulation which impedes to work under various applications. Indeed, this paper discusses a technique that enables the practical rea ...
knowledge. It was not unpleasant simply to sit and read, and should be useful to people interested in learning more about the medical beliefs and practices of this period. Mental illness, mental retardation, and substance abuse are important concerns today, but they are not recent phenomena. A consideration of mental disability in a historical context is essential to an understanding of the current situation. Don Martindale, a former professor of sociology, and Edith Martindale, a psychiatric so ...
Serial murders attract attention from the media, mental health experts, academia, and the general public. We present a case of serial murders that took place in a limited area and which caused public anxiety and anguish in central India. All the victims were homeless beggars, who were bludgeoned to death (crush injury). Individual murders were initially investigated by different police stations; fortunately, since they sent all the bodies to a common autopsy centre, a forensic pathologist was ab ...
Pipeline deposit is a worldwide problem facing the process industry affecting all phases of production, transmission, and distribution causing problems to the pipeline operations up to the customer delivery point. Therefore, monitoring the propagation of such deposits at different points of the pipeline network will help taking more adequate preventive actions. Several good technologies are available in the market nowadays for monitoring deposits but electrical capacitance tomography (ECT) techn ...
In a recent exchange, Moro (2014) and Pulvermüller (2014) re-open a longstanding debate in the language sciences. Ever since the 1975 Royaumont encounter that set the agenda for linguistics and the classical cognitive sciences, generative linguists, whose ultimate goal we take to be to shed light on the biological basis for language, have rejected any attempt of a rapprochement between natural language syntax and action grammar (motor planning), even if the hierarchical structure of plans is we ...
The drug use process suffers from problems related to quality and cost that have not responded well to administrative or educational interventions. In many cases, attempts to improve the quality of physician prescribing have been clumsy, often based on intuition. This article begins by describing the drug use process and the role of prescribing in that process. In the following section, we describe what is known about how physicians make drug choice decisions. The paper concludes with suggestion ...
J ava is th e most popular lan guage for web programming. However it suffers from some well-known denial-of-servi ce at tacks (e.g., obscuring th e screen) du e to th e execut ion of malicious cod e th at uses resources in an improper way. In thi s pap er we present a new approach to alleviate th ese problems by patching the Java Virtual Machine, in ord er to force th e needed checks on resources usag e bounds dir ectly at the level of th e ...
How much treatment should be given elderly patients with dementing illness is controversial. Nursing home care should be based on palliation, rehabilitation, and the control of coexisting illness. Ethical standards are advanced from the principle that the life and well-being of the demented nursing home resident should be protected. The decision to forego medical treatment is justified only when the life of an affected person is burdened by severe, unrelieved suffering or by the absence of self- ...
Research suggests sleep plays a role in the consolidation of recently acquired memories for long-term storage. rapid eye movement (REM) sleep has been shown to play a complex role in emotional-memory processing, and may be involved in subsequent waking-day emotional reactivity and amygdala responsivity. Interaction of the hippocampus and basolateral amygdala with the medial-prefrontal cortex is associated with sleep-dependent learning and emotional memory processing. REM is also implicated in po ...
Development has reached a stage of evolution in which its effects on the biosphere have become critical, but the discipline of economics has not yet fully absorbed this change. Economic development is in conflict with the ability of ecosystems to regulate themselves largely because of its focus on the immediate exploitation of resources and neglect of bio- geo-chemical cycles and of effects on the larger environment. Development driven solely by economic considerations is destined to end in des ...
Most state-of-the-art Sound Source Localization (SSL) algorithms have been proposed for applications which are “uninformed” about the target sound content; however, utilizing a wireless microphone worn by a target talker, enables recent Hearing Aid Systems (HASs) to access to an almost noise-free sound signal of the target talker at the HAS via the wireless connection. Therefore, in this paper, we propose a maximum likelihood (ML) approach, which we call MLSSL, to estimate the Dire ...
In anesthetized rats, microinjections of excitatory amino acids (EAAs) into the nucleus tractus solitarii (nTS), in a region located immediately rostral to the calamus scriptorius (CS), have been generally reported to elicit depressor and bradycardic responses. On the other hand, in conscious freely moving rats, similar microinjections have been reported to elicit pressor and bradycardic responses. These divergent results have been attributed to the effect of anesthetics. A reinvestigation of th ...
Bringing gender and kinship studies together with an anthropology of religion, in this article I demonstrate how urban Greek couples and clinical practitioners in the middle 1990s proceeded with in vitro fertilization (IVF) in the absence of government regulations, and did so with reference to cultural beliefs and social relations consistent with Greek Orthodox religious practice. Drawing on ethnographic observations at an Athens IVF clinic as well as on interviews with former patients, I argue ...
In this Letter, we discuss the generation of magnetic field from cosmological perturbations. We consider the evolution of three component plasma (electron, proton, and photon) evaluating the collision term between electrons and photons up to the second order. The collision term is shown to induce electric current, which then generates magnetic field. There are three contributions, two of which can be evaluated from the first-order quantities, while the other one is fluid vorticity, which is pure ...
A patient who suffers from premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) insisted on treatment with St. John's Wort (SJW). She agreed to random assignment to either placebo or SJW for three months. She took placebo for the first month and SJW for the second month of her menstrual cycle. A rash developed within two weeks of treatment with SJW. Plant extracts such as SJW contain multiple organic compounds and allergic reactions can occur to these plant extracts. ...
S notoriously remarked that one death was a tragedy, while a million were a statistic. An impressive feature of this book is that, while recounting a great many deaths, it maintains a human and humane perspective. Dr. Ali S. Khan is a former director of the Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and has been close to the epicenter of almost all the potential pandemic threats of the last few decades. With William Patrick, an accomplishe ...
As nano-micro hybrid structures start to approach biological complexity, two problems demand computational assistance: Determination of three dimensional (3D) structure suffers from ambiguity due to the 2D nature of images, and insight into the complex growth mechanisms of the structures as well as optimization of emergent properties in their multidimensional parameter spaces, both need accurate statistics, for example in order to obtain the precise shape of size distributions. Computer image re ...
Superlenses based on metamaterials are promising candidates for achieving subwavelength resolution. We report here our experimental studies on super-resolution imaging from one-dimensional (1D) negative index metamaterial superlenses at microwave frequencies. The metamaterial structure under investigation is shown to have a left-handed transmission band at frequencies where both effective permittivity and permeability are negative. The retrieved effective parameters are in good agreement with th ...
Controlling a robotic rehabilitation artefact such as a hand prosthesis is yet a rather open problem. Particularly, the choice of a human-machine interface (HMI) to enable natural control is still debatable. The traditional choice, i.e. surface electromyography (sEMG), suffers from a number of problems (electrode displacement, sweat, fatigue) which cannot be easily solved. One of its main drawbacks is the inherent low spatial resolution, at least in the standard settings. To overcome this hindra ...
INTRODUCTION Although many centers have reported their experience on maternal and perinatal outcomes in renal transplant recipients. Very few information can be found about the psychological aspects that may rise for these patients during pregnancy. Considering the importance of the psychological concerns for this kind of patients, we have developed a protocol to better assist renal transplant recipients during pregnancy and here we show what we have learnt. OBJECTIVES To understand how the ma ...
The mobility support protocols are separated by two categories; First, Host-based mobility management protocols such as Mobile IPv6, and its enhancements (HMIPv6 and FMIPv6) which all basically requires protocol stack modification of the mobile node in order to support them. That modification may increase the complexity on them and wasting of air resource. Besides, some drawbacks that still suffers such as high handover latency, energy consumption, packet loss, and signaling overhead. Secondly, ...
J ulia was a six-year-old girl with stage IV neuroblastoma for which she had received two years of aggressive multimodal therapy. She lived in a small town about three hours away from the children’s hospital where she was treated. Her parents were both teachers and she had two younger sisters, Jessica, 4, and Jemima, 3. Julia’s parents alternated taking leave from work and staying with her in the hospital. While one parent was with her, the other parent would go home to work and care for her ...
Tremor in Klinefelter’s syndrome is believed to be essential tremor since the publication of “Klinefelter’s syndrome and essential tremor” in 1969. However, the author also stated that tremor in Klinefelter’s syndrome might differ from essential tremor. A 71-year-old man with Klinefelter’s syndrome who suffers from postural hand tremor is described. The electromyogram indicated lower motor neuron disturbance and chronic neurogenic change. The muscle biopsy indicated neurogenic muscle ...
  • ,
  • 2012
The paper describes changes in marine oxygen and phosphorus fields obtained for glacial and interglacial environmental conditions with a global ocean circulation model. A main result is that reasonable patterns of glacial oxygen and reactive P burial can only be obtained with the input of terrigenous particulate organic C and P. This hypothesis is of great scientific interest, and the manuscript is meant to make a substantial contribution towards strengthening this hypothesis. However, the curre ...
Due to the concentration of population and economic activities in metropolitan areas, urban transportation system suffers many challenges, e.g. traffic congestion and parking space storage, which affect each individuals travel experience. Previous studies looked into the transportation condition sensing using various static or mobile sensors and the travel support services based on the sensing results. However, human behaviors, as the direct indicator as well as the final modifier of traffic con ...
OBJECTIVES: To explore Vietnamese immigrants' knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and practices concerning tuberculosis (TB). METHODS: Three focus groups were conducted at community health centers in California as part of a nationwide research project on attitudes toward TB in Asians and Pacific Islanders. Vietnamese health workers mediated group discussions by asking 11 openended questions on the causes of TB, medical consequences of TB, TB treatment, and the impact of the disease on social relation ...
Elsevier Science refused to publish a study of IBM workers that IBM sought to keep from public view. Occupational and environmental health (OEH) suffers from the absence of a level playing field on which science can thrive. Industry pays for a substantial portion of OEH research. Studies done by private consulting firms or academic institutions may be published if the results suit the sponsoring companies, or they may be cen-sored. OEH journals often reflect the dominance of industry influence o ...
The histogram equalization approach is an efficient feature normalization technique for noise robust automatic speech recognition. However, it suffers from performance degradation when some fundamental conditions are not satisfied in the test environment. To remedy these limitations of the original histogram equalization methods, class-based histogram equalization approach has been proposed. Although this approach showed substantial performance improvement under noise environments, it still suff ...
A time-of-flight camera suffers from significant range distortion due to the scattering artefact caused by secondary reflections occurring between the lens and the image plane. The reflected beam from the foreground objects undergoes multiple reflections within the camera device thereby introducing parasitic signals that bias the late-arrival, backscattered signals from the background targets. These additive signals cause degradation of the depth measurement for the background objects thus limit ...
The wide application of GPS navigation system on vehicles has increased the quality of the driving experience. The current GPS based navigation system, however, suffers from the limited real-time traffic updates, and therefore poses a need to cover more areas with traffic sensor infrastructure. In this paper, we propose a framework for intelligent traffic interpretation aiming to enhance the quality of vehicle probe data for navigation applications. In the proposed framework, traffic interpretat ...
In addition, researchers have found that PQQ can promote growth of new mitochondria!6,7 This is an important longevity strategy that can help prevent the diseases of aging. During the life span, the brain suffers from multiple sources of damage. As these effects accumulate, the result is often the development of neurodegenerative disorders, as well as the risk of stroke from progressive injury to brain blood vessels. ...
On the basis of Vaudenay's untraceability model, this paper describes cryptanalyses of recently proposed Zhuang et al. 's ultralightweight RFID authentication protocol for low cost tags R2AP and Dehkordi and Farzaneh's improved hash based RFID mutual authentication protocol. This paper formally demonstrates that R2AP is insecure and does not attain even Narrow Forward privacy level of security. Additionally, R2AP protocol is traceable and suffers from impersonation attack. Also De ...
Mobile Ad Hoc Network (MANET) system is not only subject to most of the well known attacks and threats that the wired and conventional wireless network suffered, but also a large number of additional attacks and threats. Security has become a primary concern in order to provide protected communication between mobile nodes in a hostile environment. Security is not a single layer issue but a multilayered issue. An individual mobile node may attempt to benefit from other nodes, but refuse to share ...
PURPOSE To determine the feasibility of T1-mapping and calculation of Gadolinium-values in luminal Crohn's Disease (CD). MATERIALS AND METHODS Nine patients with active CD were included. For each patient disease activity was determined, based on endoscopic and histopathological results. The Crohn's Disease Endoscopic Index of Severity (CDEIS), the Harvey-Bradshaw index (HBI) and C-reactive protein (CRP) were also determined as reference standards. T1-measurements were performed before and afte ...
As with any discipline built upon the foundations of science and technology, the study of maintenance begins with a definition of maintenance. Maintenance is not merely preventive maintenance, although this aspect is an important ingredient. In a more positive vein, maintenance is a science since its execution relies, sooner or later, on most or all of the sciences. It is an art because seemingly identical problems regularly demand and receive varying approaches and actions and because some mana ...
this paper describes the proposed context mobility management schemes Current deployment of the wireless mesh networks (WMN) necessitates mobility management to support mobile clients roaming around the network without service interruption. Though Mobile IP and other previous protocols can be applied to WMNs to gain the micromobility as well as macro-mobility support, high signaling cost and long handoff latency problems still degrade the system performance significantly. Wireless Mesh Networks ...
Despite extensive research on voting, there is little evidence connecting turnout to tangible outcomes. Would election results and public policy be different if everyone voted? The adoption of compulsory voting in Australia provides a rare opportunity to address this question. First, I collect two novel data sources to assess the extent of turnout inequality in Australia before compulsory voting. Overwhelmingly, wealthy citizens voted more than their working-class counterparts. Next, exploiting ...
Conventional zero-shot learning (ZSL) methods recognise an unseen instance by projecting its visual features to a semantic space that is shared by both seen and unseen categories. However, we observe that such a one-way paradigm suffers from the visualsemantic ambiguity problem. Namely, the semantic concepts (e.g. attributes) cannot explicitly correspond to visual patterns, and vice versa. Such a problem can lead to a huge variance in the visual features for each attribute. In this paper, we inv ...
High quality ultrasound imaging is required throughout entire imaging depths for abdominal ultrasound. In general, sector scanning with a convex array transducer is performed by using a focused ultrasound beam to obtain a wide field-of-view. However, the conventional focusing (CF) method suffers from the degraded spatial resolution except for the vicinity of the focal depth due to the diffractive propagation of the focused ultrasound. Plane wave synthetic focusing (PWSF) method has been initiall ...
Leech carboxypeptidase inhibitor (LCI) is a 67-residue, tight-binding metallocarboxypeptidase inhibitor composed of a compact domain with a five-stranded beta-sheet and a short alpha-helix that are strongly stabilized by four disulfide bonds. In this study, we investigated the contribution of each particular disulfide to the folding, stability and function of LCI by constructing a series of single and multiple mutants lacking one to four disulfide bonds. The results allow a better understanding ...
Word sense disambiguation (WSD) suffers from the lack of large scale corpus which annotated with word senses. The reason is that creating this corpus with human annotation is time-consuming and expensive. Active learning could save the human effort to obtain the same quality corpus. We investigate eight Chinese polysemous words and show the effectiveness of active learning for Chinese WSD. ...